with a specific phobia (SP) experiences intense fear and distress when they are
exposed to a specific feared situation or object, which either leads them to
avoid the situation/object or face the situation with intense distress.
anxiety may be in the form of a panic attack - a discrete period of intense and
sudden fear, apprehension or terror, with physical symptoms such as heart
palpitations, blushing, trembling, sweating and faintness. There are
five major categories of specific fears:
- Animals (e.g. dogs, birds, spiders, snakes)
- Natural environment (e.g. heights, storms)
- Blood, injection or injury (e.g. receiving an injection)
- Situations (e.g. elevators, enclosed spaces, flying)
- Other (e.g. fear of vomiting or getting ill)
Who gets a Specific Phobia?Different types of specific phobias tend to
develop at different life stages; for example a phobia of animals, blood and water
tends to develop in early childhood, whereas a phobia of heights tends to
develop in adolescence.
on the development of specific phobias include:
- Childhood fears that are not resolved
- Parents having similar phobias
- Exposure to a stressful or traumatic situation like a natural
disaster or a bite by an animal.
Last Updated : 22-Sep-2013