Panic and agoraphobia

Older male leaning against wall, anxiousPeople with PD experience considerable distress during panic attacks. As a result, they develop strong fears and anxieties about having more panic attacks which can lead to significant behaviour change.

For instance, many people become so concerned about panicking that they avoid everyday situations that could potentially cause panic (e.g. going to the shops or exercising).

Repeated avoidance of situations often develops into agoraphobia, which refers to an inability to go outside of known and safe surroundings because of intense fear and anxiety.

People with agoraphobia avoid situations where escape might be difficult or help is unavailable in the event of having a panic attack. The majority of people with agoraphobia also have PD, but some do not and have never had a panic attack.

Last Updated : 22-Sep-2013